The 'allegory of the cave' is a theory put forward by plato, concerning human perception plato claimed that knowledge gained through the senses is no more than opinion and that, in order to have real knowledge, we must gain it through philosophical reasoning 'the allegory of the cave' by plato in the. Condition is so described: humanity believes that knowledge comes from reality ( shadows) but few know that true knowledge comes from the contemplation of good (sun) the allegory is related to plato's 'theory of forms', according to which the 'forms' (or 'ideas'), and not the material world known to us.
Plato's allegory of the cave covered in his book vii of the republic, explores the topic of the nature of reality and reveals life lessons on how to think for yourself and break outside the herd mentality holding you back from achieving your goals.
Socrates is the main character in the republic, and he tells the allegory of the cave to glaucon, who is one of plato's brothers however, after his eyes adjust to the firelight, reluctantly and with great difficulty he is forced to progress out of the cave and into the sunlight, which is a painful process this.
Plato: the allegory of the cave within the allegory of the cave, plato expresses his theory of humanity s unconscious resistance to change through a conversation socrates may have had with a fellow philosopher in the beginning of this allegory we see human beings in an underground den these unenlightened humans.